Oracle Data Pump in Oracle Database 10g

Oracle Data Pump is a newer, faster and more flexible alternative to the "exp" and "imp" utilities used in previous Oracle versions. In addition to basic import and export functionality data pump provides a PL/SQL API and support for external tables.

For the examples to work we must first unlock the SchemaUSER_NAME account and create a directory object it can access:

CONN sys/password@SID_NAME AS SYSDBA
ALTER USER U_NAME IDENTIFIED BY PASSWD ACCOUNT UNLOCK;
GRANT CREATE ANY DIRECTORY TO ;

CREATE OR REPLACE DIRECTORY DIR_NAME AS '/u05/oradata/';

GRANT READ, WRITE ON DIRECTORY DIR_NAME TO SCHEMA_NAME;

Table Exports/Imports

The TABLES parameter is used to identify the tables that are to be exported. The following is an example of the table export and import syntax:

expdp USER_NAME/PASSWD@SID_NAME tables=TABLE_NAME1, TABLE_NAME2, .. n directory=DIR_NAME dumpfile= DUMPFILE_NAME1.dmp logfile=LOG_FILENAME.log

impdp USER_NAME/PASSWD@SID_NAME tables=TABLE_NAME1, TABLE_NAME2, .. n directory=DIR_NAME dumpfile=DUMPFILE_NAME1.dmp logfile=LOG_FILENAME.log

The TABLE_EXISTS_ACTION=APPEND parameter allows data to be imported into existing tables.

Schema Exports/Imports

The OWNER parameter of exp has been replaced by the SCHEMAS parameter which is used to identify the schemas to be exported. The following is an example of the schema export and import syntax:

expdp USER_NAME/PASSWD@SID_NAME schemas=SCHEMA_NAME directory=DIR_NAME dumpfile=INV.dmp logfile=EXPINV.log

impdp USER_NAME/PASSWD@SID_NAME schemas=SCHEMA_NAME directory=DIR_NAME dumpfile=INV.dmp logfile=IMPINV.log

Full Database Exports/Imports

The whole database export is mandatory. The following is an example of the full database export and import syntax:

expdp sys/password@SID_NAME full=Y directory=DIR_NAME dumpfile=FULLDB.dmp logfile=FULLDB10G.log

impdp sys/password@SID_NAME full=Y directory=DIR_NAME dumpfile=FULLDB.dmp logfile=FULLDB10G.log

The DBA_DATAPUMP_JOBS view can be used to monitor the current jobs:

SQL select * from dba_datapump_jobs;

expdp help=y

Keyword Description (Default)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ATTACH Attach to existing job, e.g. ATTACH [=job name].
CONTENT Specifies data to unload where the valid keywords are:
(ALL), DATA_ONLY, and METADATA_ONLY.
DIRECTORY Directory object to be used for dumpfiles and logfiles.
DUMPFILE List of destination dump files (expdat.dmp),
e.g. DUMPFILE=scott1.dmp, scott2.dmp, dmpdir:scott3.dmp.
ESTIMATE Calculate job estimates where the valid keywords are:
(BLOCKS) and STATISTICS.
ESTIMATE_ONLY Calculate job estimates without performing the export.
EXCLUDE Exclude specific object types, e.g. EXCLUDE=TABLE:EMP.
FILESIZE Specify the size of each dumpfile in units of bytes.
FLASHBACK_SCN SCN used to set session snapshot back to.
FLASHBACK_TIME Time used to get the SCN closest to the specified time.
FULL Export entire database (N).
HELP Display Help messages (N).
INCLUDE Include specific object types, e.g. INCLUDE=TABLE_DATA.
JOB_NAME Name of export job to create.
LOGFILE Log file name (export.log).
NETWORK_LINK Name of remote database link to the source system.
NOLOGFILE Do not write logfile (N).
PARALLEL Change the number of active workers for current job.
PARFILE Specify parameter file.
QUERY Predicate clause used to export a subset of a table.
SCHEMAS List of schemas to export (login schema).
STATUS Frequency (secs) job status is to be monitored where
the default (0) will show new status when available.
TABLES Identifies a list of tables to export - one schema only.
TABLESPACES Identifies a list of tablespaces to export.
TRANSPORT_FULL_CHECK Verify storage segments of all tables (N).
TRANSPORT_TABLESPACES List of tablespaces from which metadata will be unloaded.
VERSION Version of objects to export where valid keywords are:
(COMPATIBLE), LATEST, or any valid database version.

The following commands are valid while in interactive mode.
Note: abbreviations are allowed

Command Description
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ADD_FILE Add dumpfile to dumpfile set.
ADD_FILE=dumpfile-name
CONTINUE_CLIENT Return to logging mode. Job will be re-started if idle.
EXIT_CLIENT Quit client session and leave job running.
HELP Summarize interactive commands.
KILL_JOB Detach and delete job.
PARALLEL Change the number of active workers for current job.
PARALLEL=.
START_JOB Start/resume current job.
STATUS Frequency (secs) job status is to be monitored where
the default (0) will show new status when available.
STATUS=[interval]
STOP_JOB Orderly shutdown of job execution and exits the client.
STOP_JOB=IMMEDIATE performs an immediate shutdown of the
Data Pump job.

impdp help=y

Keyword Description (Default)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
ATTACH Attach to existing job, e.g. ATTACH [=job name].
CONTENT Specifies data to load where the valid keywords are:
(ALL), DATA_ONLY, and METADATA_ONLY.
DIRECTORY Directory object to be used for dump, log, and sql files.
DUMPFILE List of dumpfiles to import from (expdat.dmp),
e.g. DUMPFILE=scott1.dmp, scott2.dmp, dmpdir:scott3.dmp.
ESTIMATE Calculate job estimates where the valid keywords are:
(BLOCKS) and STATISTICS.
EXCLUDE Exclude specific object types, e.g. EXCLUDE=TABLE:EMP.
FLASHBACK_SCN SCN used to set session snapshot back to.
FLASHBACK_TIME Time used to get the SCN closest to the specified time.
FULL Import everything from source (Y).
HELP Display help messages (N).
INCLUDE Include specific object types, e.g. INCLUDE=TABLE_DATA.
JOB_NAME Name of import job to create.
LOGFILE Log file name (import.log).
NETWORK_LINK Name of remote database link to the source system.
NOLOGFILE Do not write logfile.
PARALLEL Change the number of active workers for current job.
PARFILE Specify parameter file.
QUERY Predicate clause used to import a subset of a table.
REMAP_DATAFILE Redefine datafile references in all DDL statements.
REMAP_SCHEMA Objects from one schema are loaded into another schema.
REMAP_TABLESPACE Tablespace object are remapped to another tablespace.
REUSE_DATAFILES Tablespace will be initialized if it already exists (N).
SCHEMAS List of schemas to import.
SKIP_UNUSABLE_INDEXES Skip indexes that were set to the Index Unusable state.
SQLFILE Write all the SQL DDL to a specified file.
STATUS Frequency (secs) job status is to be monitored where
the default (0) will show new status when available.
STREAMS_CONFIGURATION Enable the loading of Streams metadata
TABLE_EXISTS_ACTION Action to take if imported object already exists.
Valid keywords: (SKIP), APPEND, REPLACE and TRUNCATE.
TABLES Identifies a list of tables to import.
TABLESPACES Identifies a list of tablespaces to import.
TRANSFORM Metadata transform to apply (Y/N) to specific objects.
Valid transform keywords: SEGMENT_ATTRIBUTES and STORAGE.
ex. TRANSFORM=SEGMENT_ATTRIBUTES:N:TABLE.
TRANSPORT_DATAFILES List of datafiles to be imported by transportable mode.
TRANSPORT_FULL_CHECK Verify storage segments of all tables (N).
TRANSPORT_TABLESPACES List of tablespaces from which metadata will be loaded.
Only valid in NETWORK_LINK mode import operations.
VERSION Version of objects to export where valid keywords are:
(COMPATIBLE), LATEST, or any valid database version.
Only valid for NETWORK_LINK and SQLFILE.

The following commands are valid while in interactive mode.
Note: abbreviations are allowed

Command Description (Default)
------------------------------------------------------------------------------
CONTINUE_CLIENT Return to logging mode. Job will be re-started if idle.
EXIT_CLIENT Quit client session and leave job running.
HELP Summarize interactive commands.
KILL_JOB Detach and delete job.
PARALLEL Change the number of active workers for current job.
PARALLEL=.
START_JOB Start/resume current job.
START_JOB=SKIP_CURRENT will start the job after skipping
any action which was in progress when job was stopped.
STATUS Frequency (secs) job status is to be monitored where
the default (0) will show new status when available.
STATUS=[interval]
STOP_JOB Orderly shutdown of job execution and exits the client.
STOP_JOB=IMMEDIATE performs an immediate shutdown of the

1 comment:

Sridevi Koduru said...

Regards
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